Virginia Cooperative Extension Links

Land Applications of Biosolids in Virginia

  1. Managing Biosolids for Agricultural Use (Publication 452-303)
  2. Production and Characteristics of Biosolids (Publication 452-301)
  3. Regulations (Publication 452-302)
  4. Risks and Concerns (Publication 452-304)
  5. Measuring, Assessing and Comparing Laboratory and Field Test Kit Indicators of Soil Quality Attributes (Publication 452-400)

Best Management Practice Fact Sheets

  1. Dry Swales (Publication 426-129)
  2. Wet Swales (Publication 426-130)
  3. Filtering Practices (Publication 426-131)
  4. Constructed Wetlands (Publication 426-131)
  5. Wet Ponds (Publication 426-133)
  6. Extended Detention Ponds (Publication 426-134)
  7. Rooftop Disconnection (Publication 426-120)
  8. Sheet Flow to Open Spaces (Publication 426-121)
  9. Grass Channels (Publication 426-122)
  10. Soil Restoration (Publication 426-123)
  11. Vegetated Roofs (Publication 426-124)
  12. Rainwater Harvesting (Publication 426-125)
  13. Permeable Pavement (Publication 426-126)
  14. Infiltration Practices (Publication 426-127)
  15. Bioretention (Publication 426-128)

Riparian Forested Buffers

  1.  Effectiveness of Temporary Stream Crossing Closure Techniques (Publication ANR-110NP)
  2. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: An Overview (Publication 420-150)
  3. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Benefits to Communities and Landowners (Publication 420-153)
  4. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Plant and Animal Communities (Publication 420-152)
  5. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Effects on Water Quality (Publication 420-151)
  6. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Factors Influencing Adoption (Publication 420-154)
  7. Understanding the Science Behind Riparian Forest Buffers: Planning, Establishment and Maintenance (Publication 420-155)

Urban Water Quality Management

  1. Urban Stormwater: Terms and Definitions (Publication 426-119)
  2. Residential Stormwater: Put It in Its Place. Demonstrating Runoff and Increasing Stormwater Infiltration (Publication 426-046)
  3. Insect Pests of Water Garden Plants (Publication 426-040)

Livestock and Poultry Mortality Management

  1. Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Carcass Disposal (Publication ANR-90NP)
  2. On-farm Mortality Disposal Options for Livestock Producers (Publication 2909-1412)

Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Fact Sheets

  1. Terms and Definitions (Publication 442-550)
  2. TMDLs for Bacteria Impairments (Publication 442-555)
  3. TMDLs for Benthic Impairments (Publication 442-556)
  4. Implementation: What Happens After the TMDL is Developed? (Publication 442-559)

Crops

  1. 8 Tips for Transitioning to Organic Production (Publication 2906-1350)
  2. A Decision Tool to Compare the Profitability of Utilizing Poultry Litter or Commercial Fertilizer to Meet Soil Test Recommendations (Publication 3003-1439)
  3. Adding Cut Flowers May Increase Profits (Publication 2906-1331)
  4. Agronomy Handbook 2000 (Publication 424-100)
  5. Fertilizer Types and Calculating Application Rates (Publication 424-035)
  6. Field Production of Cut Flowers: Potential Crops (Publication 426-619)
  7. GAPs: Common Sense for Fresh Produce Growers (Publication 2906-1359)
  8. Getting Started in the Production of Field Grown, Specialty Cut Flowers (Publication 426-618)
  9. Importance of Farm Phosphorus Mass Balance and Management Options (Publication CSES-98P)
  10. Increasing Fresh Produce Availability From Local Sources (Publication AREC-50NP)
  11. Land Application of Broiler and Turkey Litter for Farming Operations Without a DEQ Permit (Publication 442-052)
  12. Manure Injection in No-Till and Pasture Systems (Publication CSES-22P)
  13. Manure Spreader Calibration for Rear-Discharge Equipment — Handling Solid and Semi-solid Manures and Poultry Litter (Publication 442-004)
  14. Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2015 (Publication 456-016)
  15. Phosphorus, Agriculture and the Environment (Publication 424-029)
  16. Planter/Drill Considerations for Conservation Tillage Systems (Publication 442-257)
  17. Pop-up and/or Starter Fertilizers for Corn (Publication 3002-1438)
  18. Production of Dahlias as Cut Flowers (Publication 2906-1384)
  19. Pyridine Herbicide Carryover: Causes and Precautions (Publication VTTP-6NP)
  20. Roadside Survey of Continuous No-till and Cover Crop Acres in Virginia (Publication CSES-103NP)
  21. Sell Cut Flowers from Perennial Summer-flowering Bulbs (Publication 2906-1370)
  22. Sensor-based, Variable-rate Nitrogen Applications in Virginia (Publication CSES-90P)
  23. Southeastern US 2014 Vegetable Crop Handbook (Publication AREC-66)
  24. Soybean Disease Control: Response of Soybeans to Foliar Sprays of Fungicides in 2005 (Publication 450-561)
  25. Soybean Insect Guide (Publication AREC-68NP)
  26. Soybean Reproductive Development Stages (Publication AREC-59NP)
  27. Successful No-Tillage Corn Production (Publication 424-030)
  28. Suggested Soybean Seeding Rates for Virginia (Publication 3006-1447)
  29. The Basics of Hardwood Log Shiitake Mushroom Production and Marketing (Publication ANR-102P)
  30. The Organic Way — Plant Families (Publication 2906-1393)
  31. Tools to More Efficiently Manage In-Season Corn Nitrogen Needs (Publication 2909-1410)
  32. Virginia No-till Fact Sheet Series #3: Manure Injection (Publication 3011-1517)
  33. Virginia No-till Fact Sheet Series #2: Nitrogen Fertilizer Injection in No-Till Systems (Publication 3011-1516)

Soils

  1. A Decision Tool to Compare the Profitability of Utilizing Poultry Litter or Commercial Fertilizer to Meet Soil Test Recommendations (Publication 3003-1439)
  2. Agronomy Handbook 2000 (Publication 424-100)
  3. Biochar in Agricultural Systems (Publication 442-311)
  4. Building Soil Organic Matter with Cover Crops (Publication 2906-1381)
  5. Compost: What is it & What’s it to You (Publication 452-231)
  6. Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizer Materials: Nitrogen Stabilizers (Publication CSES-52P)
  7. Laboratory Procedures: Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory (Publication 452-881)
  8. Manure Injection in No-Till and Pasture Systems (Publication CSES-22P)
  9. Nitrogen Soil Testing for Corn in Virginia (Publication 418-016)
  10. On-farm Composting: A Guide to Principles, Planning and Operations (Publication 452-232)
  11. Organic Matter Application: Can You Apply Too Much? (Publication 2906-1316)
  12. Organic Production: Some Thoughts and Considerations (Publication 2906-1317)
  13. Phosphorus, Agriculture and the Environment (Publication 424-029)
  14. Precision Farming Tools: Soil Electrical Conductivity (Publication 442-508)
  15. Soil Sample Information Sheet for Commercial Crop Production (Publication 452-124)
  16. Soil Sample Information Sheet for Commercial Greenhouse and Nursery Production (Publication 452-126)
  17. Soil Sample Information Sheet for Golf Courses and Industrial Lawns (Publication 452-128)
  18. Soil Sample Information Sheet for Home Lawns, Gardens, Fruits and Ornamentals (Publication 452-125)
  19. Soil Sampling For the Home Gardener (Publication 452-129)
  20. Soil Test Note #1 – Explanation of Soil Tests (Publication 452-701)
  21. Soil Test Note #2 – Field Crops (Publication 452-702)
  22. Soil Test Note #3 – Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops (Publication 452-703)
  23. Soil Test Note #4 – Trace Elements (Publication 452-704)
  24. Soil Test Note #5: Fertilizing With Manures (Publication 452-705)
  25. Soil Test Note #17: Lawn Fertilization for Cool Season Grasses (Publication 452-717)
  26. Soil Test Note #18: Lawn Fertilization for Warm Season Grasses (Publication 452-718)
  27. Soil Test Note #19: Vegetable and Flower Gardens (Publication 452-719)
  28. Soil Test Note #20: Home Shrubs and Trees (Publication 452-720)
  29. Soil Testing for the Lawn and Landscape (Publication 430-540)
  30. Sources of Lime for Acid Soils in Virginia (Publication 452-510)
  31. The Minute Pirate Bug (Publication 3002-1437)
  32. The Organic Way: Selecting Green Manure Crops for Soil Fertility (Publication 2906-1374)
  33. Urban Nutrient Management Handbook (Publication 430-350)
  34. Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series #5: Understanding Ammonia Volatilization from Fertilizers (Publication 2908-1404)
  35. Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series #6: Nitrogen Fertilizer Sources and Properties (Publication 2908-1405)

Pasture and Hay: Crops and Soils

  1. Calibrating Forage Seeding Equipment (Publication 418-121)
  2. Control of Common Pasture and Hayfield Weeds in Virginia and West Virginia (Publication 427-002)
  3. Controlled Grazing of Virginia’s Pastures (Publication 418-012)
  4. Determining Forage Moisture Concentration (Publication 442-106)
  5. Establishing and Managing Caucasian Bluestem (Publication 418-014)
  6. Fertilizing Cool-Season Forages with Poultry Litter versus Commercial Fertilizer (Publication 418-142)
  7. Forage Establishment: Getting Off to a Good Start (Publication 418-120)
  8. Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia (Publication 424-006)
  9. Herbage Quality, Biomass and Animal Performance of Cattle Part I: Forage Biomass, Botanical Composition and Nutritive Values (Publication 418-151)
  10. Herbage Quality, Biomass and Animal Performance of Cattle Grazing Part II: Animal Performance (Publication 418-152)
  11. Large Round Bale Safety (Publication 442-455)
  12. Making the Most of Tall Fescue in Virginia (Publication 418-050)
  13. Management Tips for Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving and Storage (Publication 442-454)
  14. Managing Virginia’s Steep Pastures (Publication 418-005)
  15. Manure Injection in No-Till and Pasture Systems (Publication CSES-22P)
  16. No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes (Publication 418-007)
  17. Pesticide Applicator Manuals (Publication VTTP-2)
  18. Planning Fencing Systems For Controlled Grazing (Publication 442-130)
  19. Planting and Managing Switchgrass for Forage, Wildlife and Conservation (Publication 418-013)
  20. Putting the Punch Back in Your Pastures: Pasture Renovation (Publication 418-134)
  21. Soil Test Note #1 – Explanation of Soil Tests (Publication 452-701)
  22. Soil Test Note #2 – Field Crops (Publication 452-702)
  23. Soil Test Note #3 – Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops (Publication 452-703)
  24. Soil Test Note #4 – Trace Elements (Publication 452-704)
  25. Soil Test Note #5: Fertilizing With Manures (Publication 452-705)
  26. The Nutritive Value of Common Pasture Weeds and Their Relation to Livestock Nutrient Requirements (Publication 418-150)
  27. The Virginia Alfalfa Variety Report: A Five-year Summary (1999 – 2003) (Publication 418-018)
  28. The Virginia Perennial Cool-Season Grass Forage Variety Report: A 3-Year Summary (2002-2004) (Publication 418-200)
  29. Warm-Season Annual Grasses for Summer Forage (Publication 418-004)
  30. Winter Seeding Methods to Establish Clover in Permanent Pasture (Publication 418-022)

Beginning Farmer

  1. An Evaluation of Program, Training and Resource Needs of Virginia Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (Publication AEE-81P)
  2. Are You a Beginning Farmer? (ANR-91NP)
  3. Successful Farm Startup for Beginners: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program (Publication AEE-67P)
  4. Virginia Beginning Farmers & Rancher Coalition Program: Technical Assistance & Resource Directory (Publication AEE-76NP)
  5. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Program: Virginia Beginning Farmer Profiles (Publication AEE-70NP)
  6. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise (Publication AEE-37NP)
  7. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 2): Challenges to new farm enterprises (Publication AEE-38NP)
  8. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 3): Land and tenure acquisition (Publication AEE-39NP)
  9. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 4): Marketing and business management (Publication AEE-40NP)
  10. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 1): Overview of a farm enterprise (Publication AEE-45NP)
  11. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 2): Challenges in new farm enterprise (Publication AEE-46NP)
  12. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 3): Advice for beginning farmers (Publication AEE-47NP)
  13. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise (Publication AEE-41NP)
  14. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 2): Challenges to farming (Publication AEE-42NP)
  15. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 3): Crops grown on the farm (Publication AEE-43NP)
  16. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 4): Cultural differences in farming in the U.S. (Publication AEE-44NP)
  17. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 1): Developing a farm enterprise (Publication AEE-31NP)
  18. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 2): Exploring production goals (Publication AEE-32NP)
  19. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 3): Measuring success (Publication AEE-33NP)
  20. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 4): Economic challenges (Publication AEE-34NP)
  21. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 5): Marketing challenges (Publication AEE-35NP)
  22. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 6): Balancing on-farm and off-farm employment (Publication AEE-36NP)
  23. Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Seven Springs Farm: CSA Farm Model (Publication AEE-78NP)

Miscellaneous

  1. Denitrification Management (Publication BSE-54P)
  2. Effectiveness of Temporary Stream Crossing Closure Techniques Forest Operations Research Highlights (Publication ANR-110NP)
  3. Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizer Materials: Nitrogen Stabilizers (Publication CSES-52P)
  4. Groundwater Quality and the Use of Lawn and Garden Chemicals by Homeowners (Publication 426-059)
  5. How Do Stream Buffers Reduce the Offsite Impact of Pollution? (Publication BSE-38P)
  6. Manure Management and Environmental Stewardship (Publication 442-309)
  7. Mid-Atlantic Composting Directory  (Publication 452-230)
  8. Nutrient Management for Small Farms (Publication 442-305)
  9. On-farm Composting: A Guide to Principles, Planning and Operations (Publication 452-232)
  10. Phosphorus, Agriculture and the Environment (Publication 424-029)
  11. Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage: Management and Safety (Publication 442-306)
  12. Rainwater Harvesting Systems (Publication BSE-116NP)
  13. Selecting a Treatment Technology for Manure Management (Publication 442-306)
  14. Selection and Location of Poultry and Livestock Manure Storage (Publication 442-307)
  15. Streamside Livestock Exclusion: A tool for increasing farm income and improving water quality (Publication 442-766)
  16. Virginia Landowner’s Guide to the Carbon Market (Publication 442-138)
  17. Virginia Master Naturalist Program (Publication 465-300)